The 88-mile (142 km) State Highway Beltway 8, often referred to as the Beltway, forms the middle loop at a radius of roughly 10 miles (16 km). [6] Seven of the ten tallest buildings in Texas are located in Houston. [4] The second-tallest skyscraper in the city is the Wells Fargo Plaza, which rises 992 feet (302 m) and was completed in 1983. [235] Facilities in the Theater District include the Jones Hall—home of the Houston Symphony Orchestra and Society for the Performing Arts—and the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts. [81] Outside the loop, the city's typology is more ⅝, though many major business districts—such as Uptown, Westchase, and the Energy Corridor—lie well outside the urban core. [304] All 49 member institutions of the Texas Medical Center are non-profit organizations. In 2019, OSHA found that Texas was the leading state in the nation for crane accidents. During its recent history, Houston has flooded several times from heavy rainfall, which has been becoming increasingly common. [171] According to the list, Houston and Dallas were tied as the second-most popular city for megachurches. Houston's current Chinatown and the Mahatma Gandhi District are two major ethnic enclaves, reflecting Houston's multicultural makeup. These sediments consist of a series of sands and clays deposited on decaying organic marine matter, that over time, transformed into oil and natural gas. Four state universities are located in Houston. [230][231][232], Houston is one of few United States cities with permanent, professional, resident companies in all major performing arts disciplines: opera (Houston Grand Opera), ballet (Houston Ballet), music (Houston Symphony Orchestra), and theater (The Alley Theatre, Theatre Under the Stars). [195] Only 27 countries other than the United States have a gross domestic product exceeding Houston's regional gross area product (GAP). TDECU Stadium is where the University of Houston's Cougars football team plays. [294] The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are among the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States. [186] Major technology and software companies within Greater Houston include Cybersoft, Houston Wire & Cable, and HostGator. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics", "Temples of the gods: Houston's religious diversity reflects community", "Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles", "Megachurches getting bigger; Lakewood quadruples in size since 2000", "Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston statistics", "New converts flocking to ancient church in Houston", "Orthodox Christians part of diverse fabric of Houston faith", "Parishes - Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America", "Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese", "Coptic pope in Houston on first U.S. visit", "Ethiopian believers find strength in Orthodox church", "Alternative Energy in the Houston Region", "Houston Is A Tech City, Just Different Than Austin, Dallas", "Tech giant HP Enterprise moving headquarters from California to Spring, Texas", Houston surpasses New York as top U.S. export market – Houston Business Journal, Houston Passes New York to Become Nation's Top Exporting Metro Area, "United States Pipelines map – Crude Oil (petroleum) pipelines – Natural Gas pipelines – Products pipelines", "Regional Economic Accounts GDP & Personal Income", "Report for selected countries and subjects: Gross domestic product, current prices (USD)", "Study suggests UH degrees are crucial economic factor", "The Economic Impact of Higher Education on Houston: A Case Study of the University of Houston System", 2006 Best Places for Business and Careers, "Houston Foreign Consulate Representation", "International Banks in the Houston Area", "Houston is top U.S. shopping city, per Forbes; New York comes in 23rd due to sales tax, retail space", "Forbes ranks Houston No. Lists of tallest buildings in the United States. Arterial roads are organized into four categories, in decreasing order of intensity: major thoroughfares, transit corridor streets, collector streets, and local streets. Houston's mayor serves as the city's chief administrator, executive officer, and official representative, and is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced.[263]. Houston Bcycle (also known as B-Cycle), a local non-profit, runs the subscription program, supplying bicycles and docking stations, while partnering with other companies to maintain the system. Anderson Foundation formed the Texas Medical Center. [273] In 2010, the city's murder rate (per capita rate of 11.8 murders per 100,000 population) was ranked sixth among U.S. cities with a population of over 750,000 (behind New York City, Chicago, Detroit, Dallas, and Philadelphia) according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. While not located in Tornado Alley, like much of Northern Texas, spring supercell thunderstorms sometimes bring tornadoes to the area. They have won two NBA Championships, one in 1994 and another in 1995 under star players Hakeem Olajuwon, Otis Thorpe, Clyde Drexler, Vernon Maxwell, and Kenny Smith. ⬇ Download image of houston skyline - stock pictures and photos in the best photography agency reasonable prices millions of high quality and royalty-free stock photos and images. Other tourist attractions include the Galleria (Texas's largest shopping mall, located in the Uptown District), Old Market Square, the Downtown Aquarium, and Sam Houston Race Park. [312] In 2016, another 11.4% of Houstonians carpooled to work, while 3.6% used public transit, 2.1% walked, and 0.5% bicycled. This height includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. [163][164] During her tenure she authorized the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance which was intended to improve anti-discrimination coverage based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the city, specifically in areas such as housing and occupation where no anti-discrimination policy existed. Parrott and widow of John Austin, the south half of the lower league [2,214-acre (896 ha) tract] granted to her by her late husband. [172] Other prominent Catholic jurisdictions include the Eastern Catholic Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. [23] However, the land remained largely uninhabited until settlement in the 1830s. [27], In 1839, the Republic of Texas relocated its capital to Austin. [180], Houston has a large and diverse Muslim community; it is the largest in Texas and the Southern United States, as of 2012. Furthermore, Jankowski stated that "more than 100 foreign-owned companies relocated, expanded or started new businesses in Houston" between 2008 and 2010, and this openness to external business boosted job creation during a period when domestic demand was problematically low. [325], METRO began light rail service in 2004 with the opening of the 8-mile (13 km) north-south Red Line connecting Downtown, Midtown, the Museum District, the Texas Medical Center, and NRG Park. The tallest building in Uptown is the 64-floor, 901-foot (275 m)-tall, Philip Johnson and John Burgee designed landmark Williams Tower (known as the Transco Tower until 1999). About half that time was spent bringing his illustration to life as a GIF. Such restrictions have had mixed results. [37] The Brown Shipbuilding Company was founded in 1942 to build ships for the U.S. Navy during World War II. Highway 90. All houston skyline artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. English: Title: Aerial views of the Houston, Texas, skyline in 2014 Physical description: 1 photograph : digital, tiff file, color. [265] The city of Houston's official 2010 census count was 600 shy of the required number; however, as the city was expected to grow beyond 2.1 million shortly thereafter, the two additional districts were added for, and the positions filled during, the August 2011 elections. In addition, some public school districts also have their own charter schools. [1][2][3] The tallest building in the city is the JPMorgan Chase Tower, which rises 1,002 feet (305 m) in Downtown Houston and was completed in 1982. A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Houston the 23rd most walkable of the 50 largest cities in the United States. [269], Texas has banned sanctuary cities,[270] but Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner said that Houston will not assist ICE agents with immigration raids. [8] Houston's first building standing more than 492 feet (150 m) was the El Paso Energy Building, completed in 1962. Restaurants, bakeries, traditional-clothing boutiques, and specialty shops can be found in both areas. It is the largest city in the United States by total area, whose government is not consolidated with that of a county, parish, or borough. [135][136][137] For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males.[134]. The Houston Dash team plays in the National Women's Soccer League. The Grand Prix of Houston, an annual auto race on the IndyCar Series circuit was held on a 1.7-mile temporary street circuit in NRG Park. [193] Houston is the beginning or end point of numerous oil, gas, and products pipelines. The storm cost billions of dollars in damage and killed 20 people in Texas. LGBT community members were attracted to Montrose as a neighborhood after encountering it while patronizing Art Wren, and they began to gentrify the neighborhood and assist its native inhabitants with property maintenance. fourth-most populous city in the United States, eighth-most expansive city in the United States, natural disasters in the history of the United States, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America, Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, List of colleges and universities in Houston, 10 largest institutions of higher learning, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, University of Houston College of Pharmacy, Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, United States Department of Transportation, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Top 10 Ways to Identify a Native Houstonian", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2019 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Counties with the Largest Population Gains Since 2010 are in Texas", "The Texas Triangle Megaregion Nears 21 Million Residents", "Promise – and a few fibs – launched this city's destiny", "2010 Port Industry Statistics, American Association of Port Authorities", "Houston Surpasses New York And Los Angeles As The 'Most Diverse In Nation, "Karankawas were among the First Texas Indians Encountered by Europeans", "Houston's Native American Heritage Runs Deep", J.H.W. [208] In 2010, the city was rated the best city for shopping, according to Forbes. [319], The eight-county Greater Houston metropolitan area contains over 25,000 miles (40,000 km) of roadway, of which 10%, or approximately 2,500 miles (4,000 km), is limited-access highway. Development worth $13.5 billion", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010", "Fearing deportation, undocumented immigrants in Houston are avoiding hospitals and clinics", "For Houston's many undocumented immigrants, storm is just the latest challenge", "American Community Survey 2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates", "American cities saw uneven growth last decade, new census data show", "As Houston Keeps Expanding, So Does Suburban Apartment Construction", "2018 ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates", The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965-to the present, "Demographics show the changing face of Houston", "ACS 2018 Selected Social Characteristics", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Houston city, Texas 2018-2019", "Houston, Texas Population: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "Houston city, Texas – DP-1. [205] In the same year, the city ranked second on the annual Fortune 500 list of company headquarters,[206] first for Forbes magazine's "Best Cities for College Graduates",[207] and first on their list of "Best Cities to Buy a Home". This was the largest urban evacuation in the history of the United States. Located near the Museum District are The Menil Collection, Rothko Chapel, the Moody Center for the Arts and the Byzantine Fresco Chapel Museum. [278], In the early 1970s, Houston, Pasadena and several coastal towns were the site of the Houston mass murders, which at the time were the deadliest case of serial killing in American history. The museum houses the original Popemobile used by Pope John Paul II in the 1980s along with numerous hearses, embalming displays, and information on famous funerals. Hearst Communications, which owns and operates the Houston Chronicle, bought the assets of the Houston Post—its long-time rival and main competition—when Houston Post ceased operations in 1995. [117] The industries located along the ship channel are a major cause of the city's air pollution. In the 2000s, the Baylor College of Medicine was annually considered within the top ten medical schools in the nation; likewise, the MD Anderson Cancer Center had been consistently ranked as one of the top two U.S. hospitals specializing in cancer care by U.S. News & World Report since 1990. [182] The Hindu, Sikh, and Buddhist communities form a growing sector of the religious demographic after Judaism and Islam. See more ideas about houston, building, architecture. [145][146] Houston has long been known as a popular destination for African Americans due to the city's well-established and influential Black or African American community. 24% sorte og 44% spansktalende. 65th-tallest in the United States; 7th-tallest in Texas. Land in some areas southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out of the ground for many years. [200] Ninety-one foreign governments have established consular offices in Houston's metropolitan area, the third-highest in the nation. [116] Ground-level ozone, or smog, is Houston's predominant air pollution problem, with the American Lung Association rating the metropolitan area's ozone level twelfth on the "Most Polluted Cities by Ozone" in 2017, after major cities such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, New York City, and Denver. About Skyline Displays Of Houston, A Leader Among Trade Show Display Companies In Houston Located in the great city of Houston, our design center offers … The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) provides public transportation in the form of buses, light rail, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, and paratransit to fifteen municipalities throughout the Greater Houston area and parts of unincorporated Harris County. Houston's median gross rent from 2014-2018 was $990. [32] In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt approved a $1 million improvement project for the Houston Ship Channel. Toyota Center also has the largest screen for an indoor arena in the United States built to coincide with the arena's hosting of the 2013 NBA All-Star Game. Individuals from some other race made up 15.69% of the city's population. [246] The city also has over 200 additional green spaces—totaling over 19,600 acres (79 km2) that are managed by the city—including the Houston Arboretum and Nature Center. In 1997, Houstonians elected Lee P. Brown as the city's first African American mayor. Houston's economy since the late 19th century has a broad industrial base in energy, manufacturing, aeronautics, and transportation. The company lost no less than $70 billion.[47]. [5] The Williams Tower, completed in 1982 and rising 901 feet (275 m), is the third-tallest building in Houston. In the early 2010s, two additional lines—the Green Line, servicing the East End, and the Purple Line, servicing the Third Ward—opened, and the Red Line was extended northward to Northline, bringing the total length of the system to 22.7 miles (36.5 km). Several private institutions of higher learning are located within the city. [313] According to the 2013 American Community Survey, the average work commute in Houston (city) takes 26.3 minutes. "[25], The Allen brothers ran their first advertisement for Houston just four days later in the Telegraph and Texas Register, naming the notional town in honor of President Sam Houston. Their plan would bring in $360 million in revenue and boost city population and tax revenue. The Greater Houston metropolitan area's independent schools offer education from a variety of different religious as well as secular viewpoints. The top three destinations for exports were Mexico, Canada, and Brazil. Though primarily in Harris County, small portions of the city extend into Fort Bend and Montgomery counties, bordering other principal communities of Greater Houston such as Sugar Land and The Woodlands. [152], At the 2000 U.S. census, the racial makeup of the city in was 49.3% White, 25.3% Black or African American, 5.3% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.5% from some other race, and 3.1% from two or more races. [14] In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified, as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. [264] At-large council members represent the entire city. [97] In 2002, Uptown had more than 23 million square feet (2,100,000 m²) of office space with 16 million square feet (1,500,000 m²) of class A office space.[98]. [124] In places this led to feet of standing water that blocked streets and flooded homes. [73] Underpinning Houston's land surface are unconsolidated clays, clay shales, and poorly cemented sands up to several miles deep. The Williams Tower is the tallest building in the US outside a central business district. Venues across Houston regularly host local and touring rock, blues, country, dubstep, and Tejano musical acts. In January, the normal mean temperature at George Bush Intercontinental Airport is 53 °F (12 °C), with an average of 13 days per year with a low at or below 32 °F (0 °C), occurring on average between December 3 and February 20, allowing for a growing season of 286 days. [35], Houston is home to one of the largest LGBT communities and pride parades in the United States. NRG Stadium hosted Super Bowl LI on February 5, 2017. [277] Houston is one of the country's largest hubs for human trafficking. [13][39] In 1950, the availability of air conditioning provided impetus for many companies to relocate to Houston, where wages were lower than those in the North; this resulted in an economic boom and produced a key shift in the city's economy toward the energy sector.[40][41]. [209], In 2012, the city was ranked number one for paycheck worth by Forbes and in late May 2013, Houston was identified as America's top city for employment creation. Houston is a majority-minority city. [10] There are currently[update] four buildings under construction that are planned to rise at least 427 feet (130 m). [172] The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston claims approximately 1.7 million Catholics within its boundaries. The University of Houston (UH) is a research university and the flagship institution of the University of Houston System. Crime Report Table 4 ". [66] Flat terrain and extensive greenfield development have combined to worsen flooding. Within Hermann Park are the Houston Zoo and the Houston Museum of Natural Science. [174] In 2013 Father John Whiteford, the pastor of St. Jonah Orthodox Church near Spring, stated that there were about 6,000-9,000 Eastern Orthodox Christians in Houston. Tallest building constructed in Houston in the 1970s. Chris Brown is the city controller, serving his first term as of January 2016[update]. [222][223][224][225][226] Houston received the official nickname of "Space City" in 1967 because it is the location of NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. The Energy Corridor skyline … Highways that follow the location convention include Interstate 10 west of Downtown (Katy Freeway), Interstate 69 north of Downtown (Eastex Freeway), Interstate 45 south of Downtown (Gulf Freeway), and Texas State Highway 225 (La Porte or Pasadena Freeway). [126] Under Texas law Harris County, like other more rural Texas counties, cannot direct developers where to build or not build via land use controls such as a zoning ordinance, and instead can only impose general floodplain regulations for enforcement during subdivision approvals and building permit approvals. Other nicknames often used by locals include "Bayou City", "Clutch City", "Crush City", "Magnolia City", "H-Town", and "Culinary Capital of the South". St. Thomas provides a liberal arts curriculum for roughly 3,000 students at its historic 19-block campus along Montrose Boulevard. [309], Houston is considered an automobile-dependent city, with an estimated 77.2% of commuters driving alone to work in 2016,[310] up from 71.7% in 1990[311] and 75.6% in 2009. The Outlaws play in the Overwatch League and are one of two Texan teams, the other being the Dallas Fuel. To the north in Neartown, the University of St. Thomas, founded in 1947, is Houston's only Catholic university. [151] In 2018, non-Hispanic whites made up 20.7% of the population, Hispanics or Latinos 44.9%, Blacks or African Americans 30.3%, and Asian Americans 8.2%. [342][343] The five-terminal, five-runway, 11,000-acre (4,500-hectare) airport served 40 million passengers in 2016, including 10 million international travelers. The city won its first baseball championship during the 2017 event. [89], Houston had the fifth-tallest skyline in North America (after New York City, Chicago, Toronto and Miami) and 36th-tallest in the world in 2015. [332], Houston has the largest number of bike commuters in Texas with over 160 miles of dedicated bikeways. [252] Minute Maid Park is also a retractable-roof stadium. Approximately 470,000 people lived within the Interstate 610 loop, while 1.65 million lived between Interstate 610 and Beltway 8 and 2.25 million lived within Harris County outside Beltway 8 in 2015. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. [268] The city has often been known to be the most politically diverse city in Texas, a state known for being generally conservative. Instead, there was no increase in Houston's homicide rate between 2015 and 2016. 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