Tupelo trees are an important food source for wildlife. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source or nectar for bees. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. Height: 11 metres. A long taproot makes it difficult to transplant. It can also grow on drier sites with rich acid soils. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. It commonly occurs in swamps, creek sides, pond margins, and cypress domes. Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo is a stunning tree best known for its rich autumn display and highly ornamental barks. In the lumber industry it is used for shipping containers and interior … ft., 39.59. Dark blue fall fruit is eaten by many birds. Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree … Five of the species are found in moist or swampy areas of eastern … gr., 0.6353; weight of cu. [16] It also was used for dipping snuff. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Females bear ½-inch fruits that are dry and non-staining. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. Male and female flowers normally appear on separate trees. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on … [3] Another common name used occasionally in the Northeast is pepperidge. An excellent lawn tree, it grows as a wide pyramid with branches mostly horizontal. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Foliage has an awesome display of orange-yellow-scarlet in fall; becomes a dramatic show of bare, red tinged branches in winter. The leaves are oval, not unlike beech, and the habit broadly conical, the display of leaf colour is fiery purples and reds. The spray is fine and abundant and lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not unlike that of the beech (Fagus). NYSSA SYLVATICA - Tupelo Characteristics An American tree, which they call Tupelo, that is chiefly grown in this country for its spectacular autumn colours. If a female tree has been planted it will have half inch long dark blue-black fruit which are readily consumed by the birds and the squirrels, though they are too tart for human consumption. Staminate in many-flowered heads; pistillate in two to several flowered clusters. Native Americans did not engage in the selective breeding of fruit trees as much as Europeans. The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. It has a straight trunk, with extending branches starting of more cone like in shape eventually rounding off. tupelo is one of the first tree species to show fall color, the upper surfaces turning a bright red or scarlet. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Fruit: Fleshy drupe, one to three from each flower cluster. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi-season fire-red foliage. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. The leaves of this species are variable in size and shape. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. The limbs of these trees often deteriorate early, and the decayed holes make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. FLOWERS AND FRUIT: The flowers are unisexual. Since the wood is very tough, resistant to wear, it has been used for shuttles in weaving. [4], While these trees are often known as simply "tupelo", the fuller name, black tupelo, helps distinguish it from the other species of the tupelo genus Nyssa, some of which have overlapping ranges, such as water tupelo (N. aquatica) and swamp tupelo (N. biflora). Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.[14]. Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica Back to Tree Choices Description The Tupelo is a beautiful shade tree with good fall color – usually bright red, but some trees are orange or wine red. Stamens: Five to twelve. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree… Black Tupelo is a great edible fruit tree. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. The Ogeechee Tupelo, sometimes referred to as the Ocheechee Lime, which is native to Georgia and north Florida produces an Because it is resistant to wear and very readily accepts creosote-based preservatives it is considered to be a premier wood for making railroad ties. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. The fruit is tart when ripe but can be made into a rather tasty drink by although, you may need a lot of sugar or honey to keep from puckering up. Habitat: Swamp tupelo is can be found in cooler upland hardwood hammocks that are near wetlands. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Seed grown. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Irregular branching. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with … Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens"[5] "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet". Fruit: Fruit Color: Red/Burgundy Fruit Value To Gardener: Edible Display/Harvest Time: Fall Fruit Type: Drupe Fruit Length: 1-3 inches Fruit Description: showy red fruits on female trees are produced in … Fruit… Adaptation: Black tupelo … Fruit Description: The fruit of the black tupelo ripens in September and October. There is one somewhat unique ID feature which is that the mid-height and lower branches grow out of the tree at almost 90 degrees then slope down unlike most trees where they are angled up. It does not produce the gumballs that the sweet gum produces. [7], In the UK the cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [8] Optimum development is made on lower slopes and terraces in the Southeastern United States. [9], Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Male and female flowers borne on separate trees or the same tree as long, slender clusters when the leaves are about one-third grown; the male in many-flowered heads, and the female in two or several-flowered clusters. Also notice that the tree has many little black fruits in the fall, and a brilliant reddish colored leaf when the leaves change colors. Five of the species are found in moist or swampy areas of eastern North America, three in eastern Asia, and one in western Malaysia.They all have horizontal or hanging branches and broad alternate leaves, and they are dioecious (male and … The flowers of black tupelo appear in axillary clusters in early spring and are greenish white. The Nyssa family is … Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. Noteworthy Characteristics Nyssa sylvatica , commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. You must not even touch it or you will die. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. The fruits are very tasty, somewhat sour but sweet enough to enjoy raw, there is no bitterness. Growth rate: Slow. Purple fruit arranged in small clusters. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home … The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. 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