Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. Stages of translation. The process by which mRNA directs protein synthesis with the assistance of tRNA is called translation. Translocation is the movement of materials from leaves to other tissues throughout the plant. Many primates have been translocated for welfare purposes: to avoid their certain death or to improve their wellbeing. tRNAs and ribosomes. Ginny – i’m not sure of the differences (or whether there are differences) between the terms translation, translocation, transrelocation, traveling in the spirit, astral projection, remote viewing or any number of other terms people use for these experiences. Translation for 'translocation' in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. Translation. tRNAs and ribosomes. Addition of a protease to the products of translation enables evaluation of the protein topology relative to the microsomal membrane. Each three-base stretch of mRNA (triplet) is known as a codon, and one codon contains the information for a specific amino acid. Protein targeting. Protein targeting. Once the appropriate AUG is identified, the 50S subunit binds to the complex of Met-tRNAi, mRNA, and the 30S subunit. In botany, or the study of plants, translocation is the movement of material from one place to another within a plant. The ribosome is a very large complex of RNA and protein molecules. Translation is the process where the information carried in mRNA molecules is used to create proteins. In remaining experiments, protein translation occurs in vitro before or after the addition of microsomes. The specific sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA molecule provides the code for the production of a protein with a specific sequence of amino acids. Sort by: Top Voted. Protein targeting. In genetics, it is the exchange of parts between two chromosomes.In this article, we are going to be looking at chromosomal translocation specifically. Guanosine triphosphate (GTP), which is a purine nucleotide triphosphate, acts as an energy source during translation—both at the start of elongation and during the ribosome’s translocation. Types of Translocation: Translocation may be classified on the basis of the trans-located segment being present in the same, homologous or non-homologous chromosome, and the number of breaks involved in the translocation. Up Next. Plants produce carbohydrates (sugars) in their leaves by photosynthesis, but nonphotosynthetic parts of the plant also require carbohydrates and other organic and nonorganic materials. Translocation has not been used extensively as a conservation tool for nonhuman primates, although it may play a larger role in the future. In biology, translocation refers to two completely different processes. 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