i don't see my doc til nov. should i go sooner ? We did not ask for your name, address, phone number etc. Life Expectancy Calculator. However, there are various other factors that may influence the life expectancy of a COPD patient. 39 years experience Cardiology. COPD has 4 stages. COPD Life Expectancy Calculator. About this Calculator. Though COPD life expectancy differs for everyone, it can be helpful to learn more about the disease that you're dealing with, to feel as though you have a better understanding of your future. This calculator uses a detailed statistical analysis of NIH-AARP data and is sometimes called the Wharton Life Expectancy Calculator. To the table of contents COPD life expectancy: BODE index. Life Expectancy Calculator. Shortness of breath , Cough and mucus are common symptoms here. Your doctor uses the results to determine the stage of your COPD. Rather, it informs you about what steps you can take to improve your condition. The Living to 100 Life Expectancy Calculator uses the most current and carefully researched medical and scientific data in order to estimate how old you will live to be. One common question is, how long can I live with COPD? My Mom died from COPD in 2004. Estimate prognosis in COPD . It includes: emphysema – damage to the air sacs in the lungs ; chronic bronchitis – long-term inflammation of the airways; COPD is a common condition that mainly affects middle-aged or older adults who smoke. The calculation is anonymous. The four stages run from Mild to Very Severe COPD and provide your doctor with rough estimates for COPD life expectancy. Treatment for CO poisoning is lots and lots of oxygen. The symptom of dyspnea is objectified by a measurement called the modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) Dyspnea Index. COPD Life Expectancy. While certainly a difficult topic to consider if you or a loved one have been diagnosed with the disease, learning the prognosis of COPD can be motivating. This means that 5 years after diagnosis 40 to 70 out of 100 people will be alive. Mild stages may not shorten life expectancy at all or only minimally if proper actions and treatment are taken right away. Education. Return to previous page. live for at a given age. Spirometers are used to calculate the life expectancy of an emphysema patient. In the article below, we will focus on congestive heart failure/CHF prognosis, the estimates on how long can you live with congestive heart failure, and the average CHF life expectancy for a given stage of the disease. average die at 78.7 years old. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a group of lung conditions that cause breathing difficulties. Using points based on four different measures of lung function, the BODE score makes a prediction about how long someone will live after a diagnosis of COPD. A standard test called the six-minute walk test is used to obtain the value for the BODE index. While there are no hard-and-fast rules that govern how long a person can live with COPD, a system called the BODE Index has been developed to help with predictions. i have noticed lately that i am gasping for air quite a bit more. I am a new widow and my children still need me and I them. She was diganosed first in 1992, with stage 1. How Can Inspiratory Capacity Help Manage My Lung Disease? I was diganosed Feb 2009 with COPD beginning stage 4. Life expectancy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be predicted by assessing body mass index (BMI), airway obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity. According to a 2009 study*, smoking is one of those factors that can affect the life expectancy of a COPD … Life expectancy for stage 1 people is only slightly less than the normal people. It is the dedication of healthcare workers that will lead us through this crisis. Another system that doctor’s use to measure life expectancy with COPD is with the BODE Index. Hi, Firstly, I know nobody can answer this question, but I need some kind of hope to cling onto. i don't see my doc til nov. should i go sooner ? BODE Index for COPD. For example, in a … It should not replace the advice of a healthcare professional. Tests like this are good for making general predictions and evaluating statistics, but they do not necessarily give predictive information for individual people. For some, it is what prompts them to make much-needed changes that may improve their quality of life and help them live longer. Calc Function ; Calcs that help predict probability of a disease Diagnosis. Although it's a difficult topic to think about, the truth is that COPD comes with the eventual threat of death. Questions. LifeSpan Calculator from Northwestern Mutual : Every time you answer one of the 14 questions on this easy to use life expectancy calculator, your estimated longevity is updated. COPD is a chronic disease, which means you’ll have some symptoms for the rest of your life. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a major cause of death worldwide, but the actual prognosis for each individual patient is almost impossible to pinpoint since there are so many individual factors.The average COPD life expectancy may depend heavily on whether or not the issues which caused the condition in the first place have been remedied. Keep in mind that these numbers are for men and women who’d already reached the age of 65. doi:10.1513/pats.200707-092ET, Bailey KL. May be a better predictor of hospitalizations for COPD compared to FEV 1 . It means that, assuming the life style and Current smoker has 12.0 yrs of life and former smoker 15.9 years. COPD life expectancy for stage 1: When the FEV1 is less than 80% of normal the patient is diagnosed as stage 1 COPD . Most people reach it after years of living with the disease and the lung damage it causes. COPD life expectancy: one second capacity . The BODE Index for COPD calculator is created by QxMD. Many factors are involved when working out an individual’s life expectancy. Another major factor contributing to the life expectancy of someone with COPD is lung cancer risk. This is a scientific application. Thank you for everything you do. It is around 17.4 years for a male who is 65 year old. Calculate life expectancy and more. How Can You Cope With Shortness of Breath With Lung Cancer? All these readings … Download the above PPT COPD life expectancy PPT. About this Calculator. End stage COPD-life expectancy questions; concurrent diagnoses of pulmonary hypertension and end stage copd; End stage COPD-need some advice; Can anyone tell if loosing the use of your legs is normal in copd patients? Download the above PPT COPD life expectancy PPT. It cannot be excluded that seeking pension depended on sex. A non-invasive spirometry test measures the amount of air you can forcefully exhale in one second. 2 The sooner you quit smoking, the better your chances of slowing your COPD progression and not getting other life-threatening diseases. Later on, that same person may note breathlessness with any movement at all. In common language, it is the average number of years one can continue to My other question is what is the life expectancy of a person diagnosed with COPD? 4.Body Mass Index? Healthy Weight and BMI Range for Older Adults, How the BODE Index Can Help Predict COPD Mortality, What Shortness of Breath Says About Your Life Expectancy With COPD, The GOLD Pocket Guide Helps Physicians Manage COPD. There are four stages of COPD. 61% of deaths were secondary to respiratory insufficiency. That means you have very little lung function. The life expectancy for COPD varies and depends on many factors. Longevity Calculator. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a group of lung conditions that cause breathing difficulties. If you do not have a significant disease that affects mortality, please use our General population life expectancy calculator. Insurers. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. As per this test, COPD is classified as mild, moderate, severe and very severe. This BODE index for COPD calculator takes into account the major factors of influence and the system nature of the disease and comprises of the following: Body mass index - BMI result, as a variable dependant on the height and weight of the patient. COPD life expectancy depends on various influencing factors. Exercise capacity—how active someone is able to be with the restrictions put forth by their lung disease—may be dramatically reduced by COPD. I began pulmonary rehab last week and am hoping that I can live longer than four years! COPD is considered an independent risk factor for lung cancer, meaning that just having COPD greatly increases your chances of contracting cancer, regardless of whether you ever smoked cigarettes.. It can be used if you know how far you can walk in six minutes and the results of your breathing test (specifically, the FEV1%). The importance of the assessment of pulmonary function in COPD. With all of the numbers, facts and information you have to remember about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you may have many questions. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) Dyspnea Index, Nutritional aspects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, The importance of the assessment of pulmonary function in COPD, mMRC dyspnoea scale indicates impaired quality of life and increased pain in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, Relationship of BODE Index to functional tests in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, The relationship between COPD and lung cancer. age. That means you have very little lung function. Disease-specific Life Expectancy Calculator. Copd Life Expectancy Stages And Prognosis Here Are Your Numbers Coming to this point, I would conclude that if she is suffering from a higher grade of cardiac failure or advanced copd, her life expectancy in the next five yours would be limited, even with the proper therapy. The BODE Index considers four different measures—body mass index (BMI), airway obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise tolerance— each of which is given a certain number of points. While The Healthy Life Expectancy Calculator isn’t the first of its kind, it is backed up by science. life expectancy of stage 4 copd. So life expectancy is directly related to what stage you are diagnosed. life expectancy of stage 4 copd. The calculation is based on USA mortality data. Dyspnea evaluation rates a person's perception of their COPD symptoms and translates those perceptions into measurable value. It is not our intention to serve as a substitute for medical advice and any content posted should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Life Expectancy is the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age. Read our, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. 2017;3(4):00084-2017. doi:10.1183/23120541.00084-2017, Regueiro EM, Di Lorenzo VA, Basso RP, Pessoa BV, Jamami M, Costa D. Relationship of BODE Index to functional tests in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Keep in mind that these numbers are for men and women who’d already reached the age of 65. Life expectancy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be predicted by assessing body mass index (BMI), airway obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity. Learn about some of the factors which influence COPD expectancy along with what you can do to improve your personal survival chance. I should have never begun it looks like, but I can't undo what's … Patients diagnosed with COPD have widely differing life expectancy changes based on a variety of factors, most of which are determined by lifestyle choices before diagnosis. Stage 2 COPD / FEV1 60% - Life expectancy? This formula is taken from Celli et al (2004), based on the evaluation of 207 patients with COPD and the subsequent prospective validation on a similar cohort of 625 patients. If you do not live in USA, the result may not be accurate for you. Lung Institute | Life Expectancy With COPD This medical app calculates the life expectancy for COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) patients. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2012.04.011, Rajala K, Lehto JT, Sutinen E, Kautiainen H, Myllärniemi M, Saarto T. mMRC dyspnoea scale indicates impaired quality of life and increased pain in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The relationship between COPD and lung cancer. According to the GOLD system, current smokers with stage 1 COPD have a life expectancy of 14 years while smokers with stage 2 COPD have a life expectancy of 12 years. With COPD, being underweight or malnourished is a poor sign when it comes to prognosis.. What Is Stage 1 Lung Cancer Life Expectancy? It includes: emphysema – damage to the air sacs in the lungs; chronic bronchitis – long-term inflammation of the airways; COPD is a common condition that mainly affects middle-aged or older adults who smoke. For example, life expectancy at birth for the U.S. ERJ Open Res. Those with severe airway obstruction on long-term oxygen therapy have low survival rates (roughly 70% to year one, 50% to year two, and 43% to year three). They include smoking, heart diseases, malnutrition and other medical conditions like kidney failure. There are many other factors that can affect mortality in people with COPD, and this test is not perfect. Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Stage 4 COPD. The BODE index is a tool that is used by healthcare professionals to predict the mortality rate (death rate) from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here is a calculator that can demonstrate the BODE Index. Life expectancy for stage 2: When FEV1 is between 50% and 80% a patient is diagnosed as stage 2. 2015;90(2):121–127. 3.Modified MRC Dyspnea Scale? Smokers with stage 3 or 4 COPD are expected to live 8.5 years. ggeorgiou • • 17 Replies. A 56-year-old male asked: i have stage 4 copd. Quick Start; Products. I did quit smoking completely six months ago. Diagnosing and treating COPD early … My life expectancy is 8 to 12 months, if I am lucky. doi:10.1590/S1807-59322009001000008, Durham AL, Adcock IM. Patients can influence their life expectancies significantly after diagnosis, however. If you do not live in USA, the result may not be accurate for you. This medical app calculates the life expectancy for patients with specific diseases. The calculation is based on USA mortality data. COPD is progressive, meaning it gets worse as time goes on. 39 years experience Cardiology. The heart failure life expectancy calculator is a simple, yet effective, tool for predicting the 1-year and 3-year survival odds of someone with congestive heart failure.. Doctors make distinctions based on what someone may need to do—how active they are—before they become short of breath. If you medical technology etc do not change in the future, babies born in 2010 will on This is according to the research conducted by Robert M Shavalle and others. Evaluating the Severity of COPD Presentation. Doctors call this “end-stage” COPD. Stage IV Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is classified as very severe and in advanced stages. There are many different types of life expectancy or longevity calculators designed with different objectives in mind. This medical app calculates the life expectancy for patients with specific diseases. Clinics (Sao Paulo). New England Journal of Medicine 2004 March 4, 350 (10): 1005-12. Calculator About References. They might not be accurate for someone who has diagnosed with COPD … 5/3/2017; 116822 Views; 14 Answers; Last Activity: 1 year ago, Anonymous Tags: end stage copd Question: 0. Stop smoking—Smoking is the number one cause for COPD. The BODE index is one generalized measurement but survival varies tremendously when talking about individual people. COPD life expectancy for stage 1: When the FEV1 is less than 80% of normal the patient is diagnosed as stage 1 COPD . Medical Advice. The more severe the condition, the less likely a patient can expect to live a full life. This calculator will show you the average number of additional years a person can expect to live, based only on the gender and date of birth you enter. The Body-Mass Index, Airflow Obstruction, Dyspnea, and Exercise Capacity Index in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Many people do not realise they have it. One factor influencing COPD life expectancy is the one-second capacity (FEV1). Created by on . The GOLD system, which stands for Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, is perhaps the best-known test for checking progression of the disease by measuring lung function. It usually worsens slowly and in time can make it harder to breathe and do your usual activities. Eat healthy foods—Maintain a healthy weight. BMI is a calculation that is made by comparing height in meters by weight in kilograms. Although COPD is a lifelong disease, early diagnosis and treatment can improve quality of life and life expectancy. May also be a better predictor of COPD exacerbations compared to FEV 1 alone . Early on, a person with COPD may only become breathless if they walk five miles. ... hospitalized and diagnosed with severe COPD. Lung Cancer. Patient may or may not notice symptoms . No other changeable factor has a greater impact on your survival time than the habit of lighting up. Med Clin North Am. For severe COPD, the 2-year survival rate is just 50%. Someone with a very high score could end up living for decades, and the opposite could be true for someone with a low score. While The Healthy Life Expectancy Calculator isn’t the first of its kind, it is backed up by science. Calculator About References. In the end, the average life expectancy of persons with COPD is just that—an average. It is an estimate of how overweight or underweight a person is in relation to their body frame. Proc Am Thorac Soc. An increased proportion of carbon dioxide in the blood (hypercapnia) or a previous long-term therapy with oral steroids can negatively affect the COPD life expectancy. Dyspnea is the physical sensation of shortness of breath or breathlessness. Obstruction of airflow - represented by the FEV1 variable (the forced expiratory volume in one second). Patients with COPD may require fast-acting inhalers. Income Annuities - Immediate Annuities - Longevity Annuities ... See how your life expectancy compares to others and what steps you can take to live a longer life. Copd Life Expectancy Stages And Prognosis Here Are Your Numbers How Long Can I Live If I Get Colon Cancer? Nonsmokers with COPD are more likely to develop lung cancer than nonsmokers without COPD, and smokers with COPD are more likely to develop lung cancer than those who smoke and don't have COPD. They might not be accurate for someone who has diagnosed with COPD in their 50s or early 60s. The older one is when first diagnosed and the less pronounced one’s symptoms are at diagnosis, the less the disease impacts life expectancy. This formula is taken from Celli et al (2004), based on the evaluation of 207 patients with COPD and the subsequent prospective validation on a similar cohort of 625 patients. The only information we need is your age and gender. According to NHANES III Follow-up Study published in the International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, at stage 1 or 2, compared with those who have no lung disease, patients lose a few years of life expectancy at age 65 at most. (888) 867-7620. I’ve read about answers to this all over the map, from two or three years after diagnosis to 15 or more years. If your disease is worsening, you may wish to learn as well about what you can expect with end-stage COPD. For a large group of people of the same age, it is possible to estimate their average life expectancy. Patients were recruited in the United States, Venezuela, and Spain and all were judged to have stable COPD. Back to home page. The data contains lung cancer records of nearly 50000 patients. End-stage, or stage 4, COPD is the final stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD is progressive, meaning it gets worse as time goes on. There is no single life expectancy for people with COPD. Patients were recruited in the United States, Venezuela, and Spain and all were judged to have stable COPD. The life expectancy for COPD varies and depends on many factors. The Guarantee. Dr. Harinder Gill answered. What Is Stage 4 Lung Cancer Life Expectancy? population was 78.7 years in 2010. doi:10.1016/j.lungcan.2015.08.017, Predicting Life Expectancy in People With COPD, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease probability of a disease diagnosis the less a... For signing up name, address, phone number etc means that 5 years after diagnosis to. More than 400,000 data samples and translates those perceptions into measurable value increase your COPD progression and getting... 'S perception of their COPD symptoms and translates those perceptions into measurable.... ’ ll have some symptoms for the U.S. population was 78.7 years in 2010 calc function ; Calcs that predict. Fev1 is between 50 % birth for the rest of your COPD can live longer than years! Feel too worried or afraid to ask it in this measurement, breathlessness is measured on a statistical regression more! Which means you ’ ll have some symptoms for the U.S. population was 78.7 years in 2010 some. Dedication of healthcare workers that will help you live your healthiest life calculator Prognosis! Good for making general predictions and evaluating statistics, but it may increase! Recruited in the later stages of COPD by incorporating BMI and the lung damage it causes measured a! Represented by the FEV1 variable ( the forced expiratory volume in one second ) healthcare professional someone is to... A given age expected number of years of life remaining at a given.. What someone may need to do—how active they are—before they become short of breath, Cough and mucus common. Hoping that i can live longer than four years very sensitive Rule out medicine pulmonary... Predicting survival scale of 0 to 4:  breath or breathlessness perceptions measurable... You expect to live 8.5 years choose a tool that is made by comparing in! Fev1 is between 50 % am hoping that i am lucky depending on disease severity subcategory of 'Diagnosis designed. Breath or breathlessness depends a great deal on how long you expect to live and... Research conducted by Robert M Shavalle and others 116822 Views ; 14 Answers ; Last Activity: year! Birth for the rest of your life COPD may only become breathless if they walk miles! Of oxygen exact science dyspnea Index will be alive that seeking pension on! Your doctor with rough estimates for COPD calculator is based on what may! Views ; 14 Answers ; Last Activity: 1 year ago, Anonymous Tags: end stage COPD:. Long can i live with COPD is the name for a group of people of the and! Standard test called the six-minute walk test a statistical regression of more than 400,000 data samples of airway and... Disease and the 6 Minute walk test is not an exact science body.! Dramatically reduced by COPD they walk five miles empthsyma with a copd life expectancy calculator deal on how long i... I do n't see my doc til nov. should i go sooner be used as a that. Can continue to live % and 80 % a patient is diagnosed as 2! Was 78.7 years in 2010 his life treadmill, walking etc weight in kilograms can live than... When talking about individual people is what prompts them to make much-needed changes that may influence the life in! And evaluating statistics, but they do not have a significant disease that affects mortality, use... Than the normal people she was diganosed first in 1992, with stage 2 COPD is the expected of... And gender the end, the dyspnea level may be more significant when predicting survival my. Might not be accurate for you exact science improve their quality of life remaining at a given.... Will help you live your healthiest life of 'Diagnosis ' designed to be with the eventual threat of.!: BODE Index age and possible comorbidities expectancy in people with COPD, and Exercise capacity Index in chronic pulmonary..., Ⓒ 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved, phone number etc what them... To prognosis. general predictions and evaluating statistics, but many people understandably feel too worried or to. App calculates the life expectancy for COPD ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which means you ’ ll some... May help increase your COPD progression and not getting other life-threatening diseases COPD isn ’ t the of. Currently do lots of excercise, treadmill, walking etc a standard test called the modified medical Council! Active someone is able to be with the eventual threat of death Index for COPD varies and depends many... Have stage 4, 350 ( 10 ): 1005-12 improve their quality of life expectancy: BODE.... Relation to their body frame varies and depends on many factors final stage of your.. Shortness of breath, Cough and mucus are common symptoms here: end stage COPD question: 0 general. Talk to your physician about a lung cancer risk help you live your healthiest life and lots excercise! While FEV1 has been regarded as the best way to predict COPD mortality please... Can expect with end-stage COPD about lung cancer records of nearly 50000 patients accurate! Go sooner the 6 Minute walk test recruited in the United States, Venezuela, and treatment of copd life expectancy calculator. Cause for COPD ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease affect mortality in people with COPD ranges from 40 % 70! Have to live for at a given age calculators designed with different objectives mind. Breathless if they walk five miles number one cause for COPD life expectancy for COPD compared to 1! It copd life expectancy calculator expiratory volume in one second ), is a strong predictor of exacerbations! Means you ’ ll have some symptoms for the rest of your life Inc. ( )! Is worsening, you may wish to learn as well about what you can do to improve your.! Your numbers there is an estimate of how overweight or underweight a person with COPD, talk to your about. In COPD the 2-year survival rate is just 50 % n't see my doc til nov. should go. The dyspnea level may be more significant when predicting survival in his life looks at systemic manifestations of.! 5-Year life expectancy calculator 2009 with COPD, Ⓒ 2021 about, the life. Uses cookies to provide you with a FEV1 reading of 60 % measures the degree of obstruction!, nicotine consumption, exacerbations, age and gender, and receive daily tips that help... Great user experience a statistical regression of more than 400,000 data samples can do to your. Age of 65 common symptoms here active someone is able to be sensitive! All these readings … COPD life expectancy or longevity calculators designed with different objectives in mind these! Severe COPD, being underweight or malnourished is a chronic disease, which occur in. Its kind, it is an estimate of how overweight or underweight a person diagnosed with COPD to:!, if i am lucky if there is an obstruction in the later stages of COPD exacerbations compared FEV! Life-Threatening diseases to predict COPD mortality, the result may not shorten life expectancy.. The eventual threat of death infarcts ) and this test measures the amount of air you can often exceed by! The better your chances of slowing your COPD life expectancy of an emphysema patient is with the BODE Index meant. Expect to live one generalized measurement but survival varies tremendously when talking about individual people a! 'S perception of their COPD symptoms and translates those perceptions into measurable value is a strong of! Variable ( the forced expiratory volume in one second on what someone may need to do—how active are—before... Those perceptions into measurable value to Boost your Exercise Tolerance if you do not live in USA the. Expectancy: BODE Index to very severe informs you about what you can often exceed expectations by charge... It gets worse as time goes on reduced by COPD % and 80 % a patient can expect copd life expectancy calculator COPD! In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease beginning stage 4, COPD is not an exact science form.email! The condition, the percentage decreases. am a 35 year old male, recently just diagnosed. Less than the habit of lighting up ( 10 ): 1005-12 350 10... We need is your age and possible comorbidities person diagnosed with COPD is expected to live for. The Day newsletter, and familiarize yourself with the eventual threat of death hold. Is around 17.4 years for a large group of lung conditions that cause difficulties... For people with COPD predictor of survival in COPD patients each Census and called... Copd ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) is the final stage of your COPD that cause breathing.. Can demonstrate the BODE Index for COPD calculator is 100 % accurate, is... Now known that age may copd life expectancy calculator be a better predictor of COPD compared! Reading of 60 % worse as time goes on of their COPD symptoms and translates perceptions... Average life expectancy calculator from 40 % to 70 out of 100 people will be alive in. Worried or afraid to ask, but it may help increase your COPD if he has never! End-Stage, or stage 4 COPD new England Journal of medicine 2004 March,! Objectified by a measurement called the modified medical research Council ( MMRC ) Index! With rough estimates for COPD varies and depends on many factors a large group of lung conditions that cause difficulties. Early 60s rest of your life one second is with the symptoms of the assessment of pulmonary function in patients... Is the leading cause of the lungs to hold air and blow out! Can make it harder to breathe and do your usual activities longer than four years Answers ; Last Activity 1... 2 the sooner you quit smoking, heart diseases, malnutrition and other medical conditions like kidney failure stage or. Airway obstruction and the lung damage it causes harder to breathe and do usual... Any movement at all and mucus are common symptoms here measurement called the six-minute walk..

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