With the ability to change their own ship's profile and, therefore, their own apparent identity, these nine were Germany's secret commerce raiders of the high seas during WW2. The most famous captain of a German merchant raider, Felix von Luckner, used the sailing ship SMS Seeadler for his voyage (1916–1917). On her first patrol off the main Japanese island of Honshū in January 1942, the … Tied to the supply ship KMS Uckermark in Yokohama November 30, 1942 but exlosed for still unclear reasons. Covers: Dutch Beemsterdjik, Soviet SS Sovet, Japanese Maebasi Maru. Particular targets of the British cruisers were the supply ships which replenished German submarines and surface raiders. Battle between HMAS Sydney and Kormoran Probably the most famous German Hilfskreuzer, and corsair of the Second World War. A German merchant raider emblazoned with … Most of these vessels were in the 8,000–10,000 long tons (8,100–10,200 t) range. The successful cruise of converted merchant ship "Pinguin"is described in parallel with the much less successful raiding activities of the heavy cruiser "Hipper". Guns were hidden under the hinged folding panels for quick release. … On 1 … These are stories to be told. The first of these were primarily warships. Helmoed Heitman says: August 17, 2015 at 11:59 am Returning to miniature … Two man Japanese suicide … The Pollack conducted eleven war patrols. Their most active and effective period was 1939-1941: Together they sank 140 ships, a total of 700 000 tons. Many of these vessels had originally been refrigerator ships, used to transport fresh food from the tropics. Books, LLC. After this operation was canceled, the now renamed Stier was modified into an auxiliary cruiser in April 1941, first at the Wilton shipyard Rotterdam and later a… She could also quickly be converted in many other disguised. Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group Enters South China Sea > US Indo-Pacific Command ... Elbit Systems to supply Seagull USV to Asia Pacific customer. One could still make a difference. Navis Neptun 1020 HSK 1 Orion - Schiff 36 Raider A 1940 1/1250 A 1/1250 scale metal model of Orion HSK-1 by Navis Neptun 1020. Very fast for a cargo ship. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and returned into service in November 1939; Covers: Freighter MS Goldenfels, Norwegian Knute Nelson, Soviet freighter SS Kim, Japanese Kasii Maru, Dutch Abbekerk. Germany used several merchant raiders early in World War I (1914–1918), and again early in World War II (1939–1945). The Last Raider. She operated in the Pacific and Indian Oceans until returning to Germany in November 1941, the last of the first wave of surface raiders to leave Germany. They were the deadliest ships of World War II--nine German commerce raiders disguised as peaceful cargo ships, flying the flags of neutral and allied nations. With 35 German cargo vessels stranded in the Pacific region by the outbreak of war, the high command was anxious to test the feasibility of bringing them home during the summer of 1940, as well as exploring the possibility of using the Arctic route for other shipping, preferably commerce raiders, enabling them to safely pass to and from the Pacific. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. The Pinguin's captain, Ernst-Felix Kruder, emerges as a forgotten hero of the war, and as a humane … Left: The 300-ft-long USS Pollack, like the USS Porpoise shown here, had four forward and two aft torpedo tubes, one 4‑in/50 caliber (102mm) deck gun, and four 7.62mm machine guns. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in December 1939. Without them the submarines would have to withdraw. The results they obtained in operations were generally good. Some corsairs also started to use various disguises to hide their armament, unveiled only at the last moment. Italy intended to outfit four refrigerated banana boats as merchant raiders during World War II (Ramb I, Ramb II, Ramb III and Ramb IV). In Abrupt Reversal of Iran Strategy, Pentagon Orders Aircraft Carrier Home, Chinese Navy Faces Overseas Basing Weakness, Report Says, Maritime Leaders Will Seek Green Solutions at GreenTech Forum, Chinese Navy Faces Overseas Basing Weakness, This study will pay you to help prevent military suicides, Reestablish First Fleet: Deterrence in the Indo-Pacific, MMP missile fired with target designation provided by UAV. German Commerce Raiders 1914–18 book. Originally built for the Hamburg Amerika Line the Orion commissioned on the 9th December 1939 and sailed on 6th April 1940. In the Pacific, the U.S. Navy operated against Japanese merchant shipping, as well as engaging in offensive operations against ships of the Japanese Imperial Navy. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in March 1940. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. The Devonshire sank the German commerce raider Atlantis on 22 November 1941. Some of their feats of seamanship are just staggerring. Eventually most were sunk or transferred to other duties. But from the nineteenth century, all hulls were painted with rows of false gun ports, and this according to a stylistic tradition continued until the twentieth century. During World War II, elements of the United States Navy based in Brazil conducted operations in the Atlantic against German commerce raiders and blockade runners. The “Hilfskreuzer” (auxiliary cruisers, generally complemented by “HSK”- Handels Stör Kreuzer, commerce raiders) were one of the trump cards of Admiral Raeder in his strategy. Their armament was obsolete (old cannons salvaged from cruisers of the Hochseeflotte), but their crews were hand-picked and the best in the German Navy. I thoroughly enjoyed this very readable account of two German commerce-raiders in the early years of WW2. Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, DOD’s Autonomous Vessel Sails Through Transit Test, Participates in Exercise Dawn Blitz, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, Castor class coastal patrol vessels of the Belgian Navy (plus PHOTO GALLERY #36), 1 screw, Blohm & Voss turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 hp = 13,5 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 4 x 37mm AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 288 mines, 2 planes, 2 screws, 4 diesels Kupp-Germaniawerft, 2 Siemens Schuckert motors, 16 000 hp, 18 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 4 x 37AA, 5 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 360 mines, 1LS MBT, 2 planes, 1 screw, 2 MAN diesels 6cyl, 7600 hp = 16 kn, 6 x 150, 1 x 75, 2 x 37AA, 4 x 20AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 92 mines, 2 planes, 1 screw, Blohm & Voss turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 hp = 14 kn, 6x 150mm, 1x 75mm, 4x 37mm AA, 4x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 2 planes, 1 screw, AEG turbine, 2 boilers La Mont, 6500 hp = 18 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 1 x 37mm AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 1 plane. Two Allied Submarines Acting as “Commerce Raiders” in the Pacific. Following the British victory in the South Atlantic, the only real concern on the West Coast lay in the potential danger posed by German merchantmen in neutral ports should they be fitted out as armed commerce raiders. What generally followed was a short and bloody artillery duel at close range for which the Raider had the advantage of surprise. Sank 5 ships (41 138 GRT), participated in the destruction of 4 others. They guy who posted it is a Navy Corpsman. MINE AUSTRALIAN WATERS DURING WW2 German commerce raiders including the rogue German U-Boat U-862, operated off the Australian coastline during World War 2. These ships enjoyed mixed success, had artillery up to 105 and 150 mm, light guns and torpedo tubes. The captain waited until the military ship was close enough to launch an inspection party and unveiled at the last moment its true colours while revealing its artillery hidden behind folding panels, and opening fire asap, even also sometimes launching a torpedo without warning. Kormoran sank the Australian cruiser Sydney in one of the most well-known episodes involving merchant raiders during World War II. 9 ships (HK1 to HK9) were put into service, keeping their civilian name: Orion, Atlantis, Widder, Thor, Pinguin, Stier, Komet, Kormoran and Michel. Small torpedo crafts tailored to operate also from the ship were another way to deal with protected harbours, extend her reach or catch faster ships. The New Zealand cruiser Leander sank Ramb I off the Maldives (February 1941); Ramb II sailed to the Far East, where the Japanese prevented her from raiding, ultimately took her over and converted her to an auxiliary transport ship. Sank or captured 10 ships (58 644 GRT) in a 180-day cruise. During World War II, elements of the United States Navy based in Brazil conducted operations in the Atlantic against German commerce raiders and blockade runners. Generally adapted from passenger liners, they were larger than the German merchant raiders. General Books LLC, Aug 20, 2010 - History - 90 pages. The German Imperial Navy, before the outbreak of World war one, requested that the major German Ocean Liner and shipping companies. One the right are some of these Ships and their stories. Several captains demonstrated great creativity in disguising their vessels to masquerade as allied or as neutral merchants. (Ramb III served as a convoy escort and Ramb IV was converted for the Italian Royal Navy to a hospital ship.). The Stephen Hopkins fought one of the most gallant actions in World War II against two German raiders on September 27 about midway between Capetown and Rio de Janeiro. I thoroughly enjoyed this very readable account of two German commerce-raiders in the early years of WW2. By Jon Guttman . This list may not reflect recent changes . Such procedure did not include capture but annihilation of the opposing ship, often after allowing the crew to evacuate, by means of 150 mm reformed guns and torpedo tubes. Neutrals were visited by a company that checked the bulk list. Sank or captured 12 ships (96,541 GRT) in her first trip, 10 more in the second, totaling 55,587 GRT. Q-ships were warships posing as merchant ships so as to lure U-boats to attack them; their mission of destroying enemy warships differed significantly from the raider objective of disrupting enemy trade. Just as during the First World War, the German navy turned for use as auxiliary cruisers a number of recent, massive and fast freighters. During the Great War, Germany employed several ways to disrupt British trade and counter the Blockade, using a number of privateers: The Möwe, Wolf, Greif, Wolf II, Geier, Leopard, Iltis, and Seeadler (a tall ship). Declared total loss, scrapped in situ afterwards. Germany sent out two waves of six surface raiders each during World War II. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. The Imperial German Navy had eight of them at the start of the war in 1914 – seven in the Pacific and one in the West Indies. Their task was to protect Allied commerce in the South Atlantic from German surface raiders and submarines. Also training ship Neumark. Their process was intangible: When a raider spotted a merchant ship, the former was closing up to be at firing range, compared the name of the ship to Lloyd’s register to identify her as Belligerent or neutral. She had 2 Heinkel 114. Reply . Its 150 mm guns came from pre-dreadnought Deutschland. Had 2 Heinkel 114. Shenandoah. Sank or captured 22 ships during her career (145 968 GRT), which classed her among the best German Hilfskreuzers. Yet despite its ferocity, the Nazi’s Pacific campaign has been largely forgotten. The most famous[citation needed] captain of a German merchant raider, Felix von Luckner, used the sailing ship SMS Seeadler for his voyage (1916–1917). For the World War I cruiser, see SMS Seeadler.. SMS Seeadler (Ger: sea eagle) was a three-master steel-hulled sailing ship.She was one of the last fighting sailing ships to be used in war when she served as a merchant raider with Imperial Germany in World War I.Built as the British-flagged Pass of Balmaha, she was captured by the … I t was a gloomy morning that greeted the crew of the 7,181-ton Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942. The British deployed Armed Merchant Cruisers in World War I and in World War II. The successful cruise of converted merchant ship "Pinguin"is described in parallel with the much less successful raiding activities of the heavy cruiser "Hipper". Became the gunners training ship Hector in January 1944, then cadet training ship Orion in 1945. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in September 1939. British secret service “Raider-G.” Like any of its kinds, she wore a heavy armament, hidden 150 mm pieces and AA artillery in dismantled parts easy to reassemble very quickly. When not gathered to be kept on board, crews of sunk ships were often given food, blankets, navigation instruments or maps and directions. World War II Commerce Raiders: German Auxiliary Cruiser Atlantis, German Auxiliary Cruiser Kormoran, German Auxiliary Cruiser Pinguin, German Night Fighter Direction Vessel Togo, German Auxiliary Cruiser Thor, German Auxiliary Cruiser Komet. Privateers freighters are already a very old idea: Since the Renaissance and seventeenth or eighteenth centuries, merchant ships were armed, but with a reduced artillery. Please note that the content of this book … I found this post on Facebook, how do you guys respond to this? Survived the war and became the British repair ship Ulysses. For more than a year, the raiders waged an unremitting ‘pirate war’ that spanned half the world’s surface and ultimately cost the Allies more than 60 merchant ships. Its 150 mm guns came from the battleship Schliesen. The principle was to deter potential “predators”. Americans had even achieved significant successes raiding British commerce in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. List of Japanese auxiliary cruiser commerce raiders, Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Raiders During World War 1, Wolf, Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Raiders During World War 1, Möwe, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merchant_raider&oldid=889881160, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Articles lacking sources from February 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 March 2019, at 15:38. Christened the Sea King, she made several runs to the Far East, until … 0 Reviews. The Germans used a sailing ship at this stage of the war because coal-fired ships had limited access to fuel outside of territories held by the Central Powers due to international regulations concerning refueling of combat ships in neutral countries. In 1939, facing a lack of ships to launch an effective commerce war, the concept was reactivated with new ships converted, even more heavily armed than in teh first world war. Profile of the Atlantis disguised as the Kasii Maru Launched in 1938 in Bremen. The Last Raider – July ’97 World War II Feature. Germany used several merchant raiders early in World War I (1914–1918), and again early in World War II (1939–1945). Picture a commerce raider, disguised as a freighter, but armed with 5.9 inch main guns and torpedo tubes, plus mines for mine-laying, ... adventure, history, ww2, maritime-history, military-navy. Ships typologies and fleets studies. KMS Orion in 1940 (bismarck-class.dk) Launched in 1931 in Hamburg, former SS Kurmark. Sunk by RAF in Swinemünde April 4, 1945. In 1939, facing a lack of ships to launch an effective commerce war, the concept was reactivated with new ships converted, even more heavily armed than in teh first world war. 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